4 Types of Hydroponics Systems

The 4 main methods of hydroponic gardening get their names from the way in which the nutrients are delivered to the roots. They include:

  • Deep Water Systems
  • Aeroponics
  • Ebb & Flow
  • Drip System

Each of these hydroponics systems can be used for most types of hydroponic gardening, but some are especially suited for specific situations. Your Interior Gardens gardening experts can help you choose the system that’s right for you.

Deep Water Systems – Hydrofarm’s Emily’s Garden System

Each of these hydroponics systems can be used for most types of hydroponic gardening, but some are especially suited for specific situations. Your Interior Gardens gardening experts can help you choose the system that’s right for you.

This method of growing plants in a container filled with water and a nutrient solution is the most common form of hydroponic gardening. Most newcomers have traditionally gotten their introduction to hydroponics using this system. This method is also the easiest and least expensive of all of the four methods.

Deep water hydroponics culture tends to be one of the easiest hydroponics systems to build, set up and operate. Plant’s roots hang down into a bucket of oxygen rich water and nutrients. This type of system uses a small air pump to keep the solution well oxygenated. This aeration allows life to survive while submerged underwater.

A great way to get started with deep water hydroponics is with Hydrofarm’s Emily’s Garden System. Everything you need to begin gardening is included at one very low price. Interior Gardens proudly offers this product to its customers.

Aeroponic Systems – Aeroflo Aeroponics

Aeroponics was developed in the last century at the University of Pia in Italy by Dr. Franco Massantini. In this system, plant roots are misted with water and nutrients, while getting oxygen directly from the air. Aeroponics has been proven and refined for decades and is used by scientists around the world, including NASA. Using Aeroponics, plants:

  • receive their required daily nutrients.
  • avoid contact with soil borne pests and fungus.
  • grow up to 50% faster.

The opportunity to grow fresh fruits and vegetables outside of the soil, indoors or outdoors, is becoming not only a distinct advantage, but also a necessity. While we have learned much about this exciting method of growing, the benefits of Aeroponics are still largely untapped. It is believed that Aeroponics will soon be the most commonly used growing technique worldwide. Interior Gardens is proud to offer Aeroflo Aeroponics systems from General Hydroponics to our customers.

Ebb & Flow (flood & drain) Systems – Ebb N Grow

An Ebb and Flow system works by temporarily flooding the grow tray with nutrient solution and then draining the solution back into the reservoir. This process is repeated at regular intervals. A submerged pump connected to a timer accomplishes this process.

When the timer turns the pump on, nutrient solution is pumped into the grow tray. When the timer shuts the pump off the nutrient solution drains back into the reservoir and allows the growing medium and plant roots to stay moist while bringing fresh oxygen to the root base. The timer is usually set to turn on and off every couple of hours, depending on the size of the plants and the temperature and humidity.

The Ebb & Flow system is very versatile and can be used with a variety of growing mediums. The grow tray can be loaded with gravel, grow-rocks or rock wool. Ebb-N-Grow systems from Interior Gardens are available in a variety of configurations.

Drip Systems – General Hydroponics Waterfarm Kit

In a Drip System, the nutrient solution is delivered to the plants through drip emitters on a timed basis. The time cycle flushes the growing medium, providing the plants with fresh nutrients, water and oxygen as the emitter is dripping.

The emitters are usually scheduled to run for approximately 5-10 minutes of every hour. In a drip system, the plant’s roots are most commonly grown in a medium of perlite, grow rocks or rock wool.

The General Hydroponics Waterfarm Kit is one of the best, least expensive, and easiest ways to introduce yourself to hydroponic gardening. You can grow one large plant or up to five small ones, and the system increases oxygen to the roots for vigorous growth and healthier plants. The Waterfarm kit comes complete with everything needed to start growing … including hydroton growing medium, air pump, nutrients, and complete easy to understand instructions.

Interior Gardens – Hydroponics Garden Center in Minneapolis St. Paul, MN

At Interior Gardens, we have a complete line of hydroponics products for any size of gardening project. Whether you’re a beginner, looking for an inexpensive, complete setup to get started, or a seasoned hydroponics expert, you’ll find everything you need at Interior Gardens. We’ve searched the world for the best products available, and offer unbeatable prices to our customers. Combine that with our expert sales staff and 18+ years of experience, and it’s clear that Interior Gardens is your go-to source for all your hydroponics needs. Come in and visit us at our Minneapolis Interior Gardens retail store. We’ll be proud to help you with all of your hydroponic, organic, and indoor gardening needs.